This information is for writers of fiction seeking an agent.
If you hope to have your book published by a traditional publishing house (Christian or general market) you will very possibly need an agent. Have you been thinking about searching for one? The task is daunting. Before you begin you need to figure out whether or not you are ready for an agent. That ultimately means knowing if your manuscript(s) is ready.
Here are 12 questions to ask yourself to decide when you are ready.
Picture book writers check out Carol Baldwin’s post 6 Tips for PB Writers Getting an Agent.
If you plan to self-publish your work of fiction you won’t need an agent. But answering these questions will help you to make your book the best it can be.
1. Is your manuscript finished?
Do not query an agent unless your book is finished.
Also, if you write for young children (below Middle Grade) do you have several finished manuscripts? Agents want to represent you and all of your work, not just one story. Do not send several manuscripts. Query only one. However, if the agent like your manuscript they may ask for more.
2. Is your manuscript perfect?
Is it perfect according to industry standards, not yours? Has it been through your critique group several times? Have you incorporated the changes you think work? Has it been edited for spelling, grammar, punctuation, etc.? Can you pay a professional editor to go through it?
3. Have other people read your manuscript?
If your story is for young children (picture book, board book, early chapter book, easy reader) have several people who have never seen it before read it aloud to you? Your ear will pick up problem areas. Listen and take notes.
If the story is a MG or YA have several beta readers read it and given you their comments? A beta reader is someone who isn’t necessarily a writer but likes books in the genre of your book and is willing to read it and note questions and problems.
4. Have you written a query letter?
Have you written a query letter for this book? Has that been critiqued by your critique partners? This is what you send to the agent. Follow the individual agency’s submission guidelines exactly. If they use a specific form for submissions, fill it in with the information in your query letter. If the agency uses a submission website like Submittable, use it.
Those who plan to self-publish will find this step a big help in making sure your theme, character arc and plot are strong.
5. Have you written a synopsis?
If your book is for middle grade students or young adults have you written a synopsis, and has it been critiqued by your critique partners? A synopsis is basically a 4 to 10 page detailed plot summary of your novel. Even if you plan to self-publish writing a synopsis is critical to making sure your plot is seamless. Check these websites for help.
Jane Friedman Novel Synopsis
Writer’s Digest Write a Synopsis
Jerry Jenkins Synopsis
6. Have you written a pitch?
Have you written a pitch of 50 words or less for your story, and has it been critiqued? A pitch should include the main character, the problem or decision they face, and the change the character passed through—that is, the theme.
Jericho Writers Elevator Pitch
BookBub Elevator Pitch
7. Do you know your book’s intended audience?
Do you know who is your audience is? Is it written for boys or girls? What is your target age group? Does your vocabulary and reading level match that age group? Does the subject matter fit that age group? Does the content?
8. Does the word count fit industry standards for your target audience?
Each age group and each genre of children’s books have specific ranges for the number of pages editors will accept. Do not expect them to make exceptions for your book. Word counts equal numbers of pages. Each page costs money to print.
9. Have you researched the agent?
Do you know what types of manuscripts they are looking for? Do you know their submission guidelines and procedures?
10. Have you read many books in your genre?
Have you read current books—published in the last 5 years—in your age group and genre? For young children have you read and studied 100 picture books, board books, easy readers, or early chapter books? Have you read at least a dozen recently published MGs or YAs in your genre?
11. Have you put the manuscript(s) away and not read it for 3 to 6 months before you query the agent?
12. Do you have a professional website and a regular presence on social media?
This may not be important to you and me, but it IS important to editors and agents.